To ensure smokeless kitchens across rural India, 14.13 lakh LPG connections have been released to women of BPL families under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). The scheme is currently under operation in 487 districts of 17 states.
PMUY provides LPG connections to poor families. Under this scheme, LPG connections are provided to women of poor families, without applicable deposit, and with an especially priced low-cost stove.
The beneficiaries also have an option of availing interest free loan for purchase of stove and cost of first refill. Beneficiaries under this scheme are identified based on SECC data, as per 2011 census.
LPG connections under PMUY are released only by authorized LPG distributors of government oil marketing companies, under the supervision of ministry of petroleum & natural gas (MoP&NG).
India is home to more than 24 Crore households out of which about 10 Crore households are still deprived of LPG as cooking fuel and have to rely on firewood, coal, dung – cakes etc. as primary source of cooking.
The smoke from burning such fuels causes alarming household pollution and adversely affects the health of Women & children causing several respiratory diseases/ disorders.
As per a WHO report, smoke inhaled by women from unclean fuel is equivalent to burning 400 cigarettes in an hour. In addition, women and children have to go through the drudgery of collecting firewood.
PMUY is an initiative of the Modi government to provide smokeless kitchens and ensure that women in India use clean fuel.