Of butterflies, cranes, macaques and India’s hydropower conundrum


Of butterflies, cranes, macaques and India’s hydropower conundrum

A rare butterfly, a black-necked crane, macaques and biosphere reserves are some of the ecological concerns that Indian hydropower planners need to resolve before the country is able to expedite construction of these large projects, crucial for the stability of nations’s electricity grid.

Given that India looks to add 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable capacity from infirm sources such as wind and the Sun, these hydropower projects are emblematic of difficult trade-offs that the country faces, caught between its pursuit of becoming a $5 trillion economy and the environment.

At present, India has an installed power-generation capacity of 357,875 megawatts (MW), of which around 13% or 45,399.22 MW is generated through hydroelectric power projects. Read More

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