India is endowed with vast mineral deposits, including coal, iron ore, bauxite, manganese, copper, lead, zinc, and limestone. The country’s mining industry has great potential and provides basic raw materials to various industries, including steel and power. India had 308.8 Billion tonnes (Bnt) of coal resources comprised of proved, indicated, and inferred resources of 138.1Bnt, 139.1Bnt, and 31.6Bnt, respectively, as of March 2016. The majority of these are spread across the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh, which collectively accounted for 69% of the country’s total coal resources.
India had 44.6Bnt of lignite reserves, which are largely found in Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Pondicherry, and Jammu and Kashmir. The country broadly classifies coal grades based on the ash and moisture content, and gross calorific value (GCV). India’s estimated coal production of 765Mt ranked the country as the third-largest coal producer globally in 2016. Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana are among the top-five coal producing states, collectively accounting for 87.3% of the country’s coal production during 2015. Read More…
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