Renewed drilling by US oil producers is keeping a ceiling on a global crude price recovery, cutting into the impact of deep reductions by other major producers, OPEC said Monday.
In its latest oil market report, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries said its members last month reduced output by 890,000 barrels per day according to secondary sources.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) said last week that the initial rate of compliance with a landmark deal to reduce the global oil glut was 90 percent.
The deal, agreed last year and in effect since January, called for the OPEC cartel and some non-OPEC countries to reduce output by about 1.8 million barrels per day (mb/d).
The oil price gained 73 cents in January from December to $52.40, according to the OPEC’s reference basket, but would have risen more if the oil price recovery had not attracted high-cost American producers back to the market, the cartel said.
“Production adjustments by OPEC and some non-OPEC producers supported the market, although gains were capped by increased drilling activity in the US,” it said.
Analysts have put the breakeven level for US shale oil producers at around $50 per barrel, which means pumping oil is profitable again at current price levels.
Among OPEC members, crude output decreased the most in Saudi Arabia, Iraq and the United Arab Emirates, while Nigeria, Libya and Iran increased production.
The world’s total oil supply fell by 1.29 mb/d in January, OPEC said citing preliminary data. Read More…