The coal quality use in India has high ash content and low energy content, according to Niti Aayog. In order to improve the current situation, the think-tank in its three year action agenda 2017-18 to 2019-20, has pitched to follow China in order to reduce the usage of low quality coal in the country.
“India uses 640 grams coal per kWh. Whereas, in 2015 China reported use of 308 grams coal per kWh and further targets less than 300 grams coal per kWh under 2014-2020 state council energy action agenda,” said Niti Aayog.
Apart from low quality coal, the draft also mentions the problem of low energy efficiency levels of Indian coal-fired power plants, operating on 30 per cent – 32 per cent with an average CO2 emission of 1.08g kg/kWh. Both the indicators put India on the lower band of the world comparison table.
As a part of the action plan, the think tank says that the efficiency of existing thermal plants should be raised through Renovation and Modernization (R&M). The old plants with high station heat rate, especially when located in or near heavily populated regions, should be phased out. Read More…