Monday marks the 50th anniversary of the Tarapur Atomic Power Station or TAPS as it is known. Located in the industrial area of Boisar in Maharashtra’s Thane district, TAPS was India’s first atomic power project when it began operations on 28 October, 1969.
Launched under the Lal Bahadur Shastri government, TAPS relies on boiling water reactors (BWRs) for power generation. BWRs are nuclear reactors using water as a coolant and moderator, with steam being produced in the reactor that is then enriched with uranium oxide.
The BWRs actually boil water, which is then converted to steam and recycled back to water through a condenser to be re-used in the heat-generation process.
The first of these reactors for Tarapur was acquired by Homi Bhabha, considered the father of India’s nuclear programme. Read more
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