A 1400 Mwe Nuclear Power Project Coming at Gorakhpur in Haryana

A 1400 Mwe Nuclear Power Project Coming at Gorakhpur in Haryana

Team EnergyInfraPost

The Department of Atomic Energy is moving ahead with setting up of a Nuclear power plant at Gorakhpur in Haryana. This will be the first of its kind to be established in any of the northern States of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana.

This plant will generate over 1400 MW of nuclear energy at the rate of approximately Rs.6.5 per unit.

Haryana has also been short listed for setting up manufacturing unit for Lithium batteries which have been, for years, used by the Department of Space in satellites and now find future use in electrical vehicles.

India’s Nuclear Power Generation

The present installed capacity of 5,780 MW is expected to increase to about 13480 MW by 2022 on progressive completion of projects under commissioning / construction and new projects that have been sanctioned.

The actual share in generation would depend on the generation from all sources in that year.

The Government has accorded financial sanction for the projects planned to be completed by 2022 and entered into enabling agreements with foreign countries in respect of projects to be set up with international technical cooperation.

The details of funds released during the last 3 years and in the current year are given below:

                                                                                  Rs. in crore
R&D Sector 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
5399.13 6511.89 6552.60 7198.63

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), a constituent unit of Department of Atomic Energy is a multi-disciplinary Nuclear Research Centre of India having excellent infrastructure for Advanced Research and Development with expertise covering the entire spectrum of Nuclear Science and Engineering and related areas.

A large amount of work involves development of various advanced innovative technologies which are realised after substantial research work carried out by our scientists and engineers.

India’s Nuclear Scenario

There are presently 21 nuclear power reactors in the country with a total capacity of 5780 MW. A capacity of 4300 MW is at various stages of commissioning/construction.

The installed nuclear power capacity is expected to reach 10080 MW by 2019 on progressive completion of the projects under commissioning/construction. Two projects with a total capacity of 3400 MW have been accorded sanction.

Of these, at one project, Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) 3&4 (2×1000 MW) at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu, excavation has commenced. The other project, Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojna (2X700 MW) is being readied for launch soon.

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Further, projects based on both indigenous technology and with foreign technical cooperation are also planned in future.

Tariffs

The current tariffs of nuclear power plants range from 97 Paise per unit for first generation plant to 394 Paise per unit for the latest commissioned plant. The average tariff of nuclear power in the year 2014-15 was about 278 Paise per unit. The tariffs of nuclear power plants are comparable to that of contemporary plants of other electricity generating technologies in the region.

PM Modi’s Visits Abroad To Firm Up Nuclear Energy Tie-Ups

Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visits to France, Russia and Japan discussed various measures with the respective governments for bringing in socio-economic and scientific development in India. Particularly in the field of atomic energy, PM Modi achieved the following with these countries.

France : During the visit of Prime Minister to France in April 2015, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and the French nuclear power company AREVA NP signed a Pre-Engineering Agreement (PEA) for Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project (JNPP-1&2) based on the Evolutionary Pressurised Reactor (EPR) technology.

The PEA will facilitate NPCIL to obtain details of the EPR technology, make a detailed safety assessment of the plant and take up licensing process with Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB).

During the same visit, a Memorandum of Understanding was also signed between the Indian company L&T and AREVA of France on April 10, 2015 for cooperation to maximize localization for the French -designed nuclear reactors in India in accord with Government’s ‘Make-in-India’ initiative.

Russia : A Programme of Action for Localisation of Manufacturing in India for Russian-designed Nuclear Power Plants was signed between India and Russia on December 24, 2015 during the visit of  Prime Minister of India to Moscow.

The programme covers localisation in India for major equipment and spares as well as fuel assemblies for future Russian-designed reactors in India, in accord with Government’s ‘Make-in-India’ initiative.

Coinciding with the visit of Prime Minister to Moscow, an Integrity Pact for the project for Kudankulam Units – 5&6 was signed between NPCIL and the Russian reactor supplier Atomstroyexport.

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Japan : Recent high-level engagements with Japan, including the visit of  Prime Minister to Japan in August 2014 and the visit of Japanese Prime Minister to India in December 2015, have led to the negotiation on bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement being concluded in December 2015, bringing to a close five years of negotiations on this issue.

The agreement will enable India to take advantage of Japan’s advancements in the civil nuclear domain, and will make a direct contribution to India’s civil nuclear programme.

India has signed Inter-Governmental Agreements with a number of international partners for cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

The scope of cooperation inter alia covers the supply of nuclear material, non-nuclear material, equipment, components or technology, training of personnel and transfer of technology, for peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

Nuclear Agreements 

The Government has recently signed the following agreements in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy:

(i) Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of Australia on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed on 05.09.2014 and entered into force with effect from 13.11.2015.

(ii) Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed on 13.11.2015

The scope of cooperation inter alia covers the supply of nuclear material, non-nuclear material, equipment, components or technology, training of personnel and transfer of technology, for peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

As a responsible nuclear weapon State, India remains committed to global and verifiable nuclear disarmament as well as global non-proliferation objectives.

Details of India’s Civil Nuclear Agreement with Japan and France 

The negotiations with Japan on bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement have been concluded during the visit of Japanese Prime Minister to India in December 2015, and both sides have confirmed that the agreement will be signed after the technical details are finalized, including those related to the necessary internal procedures.

In pursuance of the 2008 Agreement on the Development of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy between India and France, discussions with France for setting up nuclear power plants in Jaitapur, Maharashtra have been going on to finalize the techno-commercial parameters of the project. During the visit of the French President to India in January 2016, the two sides agreed on a roadmap of cooperation to speed up discussions on the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project in 2016.

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Nuclear Power Authorities/Institutions Back Home:

The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is the nodal department in Government of India for all matters related to atomic energy. DAE has two PSUs, viz. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) and Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam (BHAVINI) under its administrative control, which have been entrusted with the responsibility of nuclear power generation.

With the enactment of Atomic Energy (Amendment) Act, 2015, NPCIL and BHAVINI are in a position to form joint venture companies with other Indian PSUs to meet the additional funding requirements for expanding nuclear power programme and augmenting nuclear power generation capacity of India.

Two industrial units i.e. Nuclear Fuel Complex and Heavy Water Board functioning under the aegis of the Department of Atomic Energy cater to the fuel fabrication and Heavy Water requirements respectively for India’s nuclear power programme.

Private sector in India participates in India’s nuclear power programme as important source of supply of components and equipment and for works contracts.

On the R&D front, constituent Units of DAE viz. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Raja Rammana Centre for Atomic Research (RRCAT), Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) are engaged in basic as well as applied research in civil nuclear energy and affiliated sciences, to bring the benefits of nuclear energy for societal use as well as scientific development.