The present installed capacity of 5,780 MW is expected to increase to about 13480 MW by 2022 on progressive completion of projects under commissioning / construction and new projects that have been sanctioned. The actual share in generation would depend on the generation from all sources in that year.
The Government has accorded financial sanction for the projects planned to be completed by 2022 and entered into enabling agreements with foreign countries in respect of projects to be set up with international technical cooperation.
The details of funds released during the last 3 years and in the current year are given below:
|Rs. in crore|
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), a constituent unit of Department of Atomic Energy is a multi-disciplinary Nuclear Research Centre of India having excellent infrastructure for Advanced Research and Development with expertise covering the entire spectrum of Nuclear Science and Engineering and related areas.
A large amount of work involves development of various advanced innovative technologies which are realised after substantial research work carried out by our scientists and engineers.
India’s Nuclear Scenario:
There are presently 21 nuclear power reactors in the country with a total capacity of 5780 MW. A capacity of 4300 MW is at various stages of commissioning/construction.
The installed nuclear power capacity is expected to reach 10080 MW by 2019 on progressive completion of the projects under commissioning/construction. Two projects with a total capacity of 3400 MW have been accorded sanction.
Of these, at one project, Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) 3&4 (2×1000 MW) at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu, excavation has commenced. The other project, Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojna (2X700 MW) is being readied for launch soon.
Further, projects based on both indigenous technology and with foreign technical cooperation are also planned in future.
The current tariffs of nuclear power plants range from 97 Paise per unit for first generation plant to 394 Paise per unit for the latest commissioned plant. The average tariff of nuclear power in the year 2014-15 was about 278 Paise per unit. The tariffs of nuclear power plants are comparable to that of contemporary plants of other electricity generating technologies in the region.
The Government has recently signed the following agreements in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy:
(i) Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of Australia on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed on 05.09.2014 and entered into force with effect from 13.11.2015.
(ii) Agreement between the Government of India and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, signed on 13.11.2015
The scope of cooperation inter alia covers the supply of nuclear material, non-nuclear material, equipment, components or technology, training of personnel and transfer of technology, for peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
As a responsible nuclear weapon State, India remains committed to global and verifiable nuclear disarmament as well as global non-proliferation objectives.
Details of India’s Civil Nuclear Agreement with Japan and France:
The negotiations with Japan on bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement have been concluded during the visit of Japanese Prime Minister to India in December 2015, and both sides have confirmed that the agreement will be signed after the technical details are finalized, including those related to the necessary internal procedures.
In pursuance of the 2008 Agreement on the Development of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy between India and France, discussions with France for setting up nuclear power plants in Jaitapur, Maharashtra have been going on to finalize the techno-commercial parameters of the project. During the visit of the French President to India in January 2016, the two sides agreed on a roadmap of cooperation to speed up discussions on the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project in 2016.
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